2 quotes from Douglas Mawson: 'In no department can a leader spend time more profitably than in the selection of the men who are to accomplish the work.' Be the first to answer! It must be, he thought, one of the six huskies pulling the rear sledge. He later became a professor at the Adelaide University and was made Sir Douglas by the King in 1914. And now that Mertz is dead, Mawson’s changes of survival are drastically increased. DOUGLAS MAWSON AND THE NIMROD EXPEDITION An Australian geologist who became Australia’s greatest Antarctic explorer. The Antarctic exploits of Sir Douglas Mawson (1882–1958) rival those of Robert Scott and Ernest Shackleton. Australian Antarctic Expedition members inside their living quarters, 1911-1914. Mertz died on the way and Mawson walked on alone. We answered our questions and did a little (ok a lot) more. Mawson was born in England in 1882, and moved to Sydney with his family in 1884. Another of his most notable works was the book The Home of the Blizzard (1915). Mawson, who had served as physicist during Ernest Shackleton's 1908–1909 Nimrod expedition, was planning his own Antarctic expedition.. He first went to Antarctica with Ernest Shackleton on the 1907-1909 Nimrod expedition when he was one of a party of 3 to reach the Magnetic South Pole for the first time, manhauling a sledge for 122 days over 1260 miles. Xavier Mertz sickens. During the first busy year in Adélie Land, when the Hut was full of life and work, there were few moments for reflection. He was once described as "one of the greatest figures in all polar exploration, north or south." A member of the scientific staff of Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton’s Antarctic Expedition (1907), Mawson, together with T.W.E. -Douglas Mawson Unlike many of Mawson’s historic counterparts in the Heroic age of Antarctic Exploration, Mawson was known for his drive to explore without the claim to glory other men of the era strived for. In 1909 he took his degree of Doctor of Science from Adelaide University, where he was a lecturer in mineralogy and petrology. Updates? The irony of this choice of pet—Mawson had after all eaten the dog’s mother, Ginger—was not lost on the Australian media. In early 1911, Mertz went to London to meet with the Australian geologist and explorer Douglas Mawson. Sir Douglas Mawson is widely regarded as Australia’s greatest Antarctic explorer for mapping untrodden areas and surviving some of the most harrowing situations. C This article has been rated as C-Class on the project's quality scale. His intellectual boldness and skill were matched by a practical initiative and courage which confirms his place among the world's greatest explorers. The expedition landed in Antarctica in early 1912 and proceeded to set up its main base on Commonwealth Bay. Mawson did not know it at the time but in 1912 he was the first person to discover gold in Antarctica. His skin was peeling from his feet, he had frostbite and his body was in a bad way from Vitamin A poisoning. "He was a great leader with immense courage and resourcefulness. Sir Douglas Mawson and expedition members cheering the raising of the Union Jack flag at Proclamation Harbour, Enderby Land, Antarctica, ca. ", Sir Douglas Mawson ca. His bust in the Prince Henry Gardens, outside the University of Adelaide, commemorates the life and work of an outstanding scientist and explorer. In spite of a tragedy which involved the death of his companions, and nearly cost him his own life, he achieved results which, for their scope and scientific importance, have never been executed in any similar endeavour. Mawson passionately lobbied for the federal government to undertake regular Australian Antarctic expeditions, which continue to this day. Mawson and five men remained for another year. In 1911, he discovered a lode of uranium ore in South Australia and published, with Professor T. H. Laby, of Melbourne, the first results of radioactivity obtained in Australia. This article was first published in The Sydney Morning Herald on October 15, 1958. 1930 Credit:Frank Hurley courtesy of NLA. In November 1912, the Far Easte… Douglas Mawson, in full Sir Douglas Mawson, (born May 5, 1882, Shipley, Yorkshire, England—died October 14, 1958, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia), Australian geologist and explorer whose travels in the Antarctic earned him worldwide acclaim. From December 1911 to March 1913 Hurley worked enthusiastically under arduous conditions, taking both still photographs and movie film, and his high spirits made him a popular and valued member of the team. Australian Antarctic Expedition members inside their living quarters, 1911-1914.Credit:Frank Hurley courtesy State Library of NSW, 60 years ago Antarctic explorer Sir Douglas Mawson died at 76. ADELAIDE, Tuesday.— The famous Australian scientist and polar explorer, Sir Douglas Mawson, died tonight, aged 76. This was confirmed years later when his geological samples from Cape Denison were examined in detail. and 'The tranquillity of the water heightened the superb effects of this glacial world. He was buried at the historic cemetery of Saint Jude's Anglican Church. The face of a man who could not be broken. In Melbourne, Dr Frank Stillwell who was a member of the Australasian Antarctic expedition, which Sir Douglas led in 1911, said: "Sir Douglas was the greatest and most famous of our Antarctic explorers. Douglas Mawson as expedition commander. Mawson arrived alone, his colleague having died from what experts now believe was poisoning from consumption of Husky dog liver. If you really want to come to grips with how this happened – the trials, tribulations and sheer heroism that was required to bring it about – you need to visit Mawson’s Huts. This year the 76-year-old Sir Douglas easily passed his annual test for a driver's licence. Ninnis died when he fell down a crevasse, together with the sledge carrying most of their food supplies, and later Mertz became ill and died. Appointed by Mawson as the official photographer of the 1911–14 expedition, Hurley … After his two companions died, he completed the expedition alone, travelling 160km in 30 days. After Shackleton's heroic effort to attain the South Pole, the whole world stood by in anticipation as Scott and Amundsen announced their plans to conquer the extremes and grab the prize at 90°S. He was the leader of the Australian Antarctic Expedition (AAE), which set out to chart Antarctica's coastline. Yet, over the speculative pipe at home after a successful day’s labour on the wireless masts, or out on the turbulent plateau when the hour of hoosh brought the strenuous day to a close, more than one man was heard to say, ‘One year in this country is enough for me’. A year later a ship arrived to get the 6 men and Mawson. David, reached the south magnetic pole on the high ice plateau of Victoria Land on January 16, 1909. A glimpse, from within the cavern of the Mertz Glacier, Australasian Antarctic Expedition, 1911-1914Credit:Frank Hurley courtesy of NLA. A century ago, Douglas Mawson saw his two companions die and found himself stranded in the midst of Antarctic blizzards. University of Sydney, coeducational institution of higher learning in Sydney, nominally private but supported financially by both the Commonwealth of Australia and New South Wales. Sir Douglas Mawson (1882-1958) was an Australian scientist and explorer of the Antarctic. DANGLING helplessly in the bowels of a deep ice crevasse, Douglas Mawson considered slipping his spent body from its harness to hasten what seemed to be an inevitable death. First question: did Mawson plan for Mertz to die? Mawson’s plan called for several different sledging parties—31 men in all—to explore different regions and collect data along the way. In 1911 (Sir) Douglas Mawson invited Hurley to be official photographer on the Australasian Antarctic Expedition. Mawson and one of other companion fought the elements, starvation and frostbite for the entire winter of 1912 (almost two whole months) while trying to return back to base at Cape Denison. Mawson … Who doesn't love being #1? In 1921 he was appointed Professor of Geology at Adelaide University. He had been ill for some years. C This article has been rated as C-Class on the project's quality scale. Sir Douglas Mawson, the unsung hero of Antarctica, gets his due at last This article is more than 7 years old A biography of Sir Douglas Mawson tells how he … Born in England on 5 May 1882, Mawson migrated to … Five men set up a base at Macquarie Island, while the remainder sailed on the Antarctic continent to establish two bases: the Main Base at Commonwealth Bay led by Mawson, and the Western Base at Queen Mary Land led by Frank Wild. He later graduated with a degree in mining engineering in 1902. One of Australia’s greatest Antarctic explorers, Douglas Mawson was responsible for one of the most extreme survival stories of all time. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A memorial service, arranged by the university, was held at St Peter's Cathedral, Adelaide. In 1911, Sir Douglas discovered and mapped 1000 miles of new Antarctic coastline, examined the geology of the continent, discovered King George V land, and greatly enriched scientific knowledge of the Antarctic. Douglas Mawson was born on May 5, 1882, in Shipley, West Yorkshire, England.His parents were Margaret Ann (Moore) and Robert Mawson. , in 1882, Mawson, who is a Artic explorer and scientist, he was only.! Home in Brighton from Fort Street Model School had after all eaten the dog ’ s Antarctic expedition ( ). The last day in the history of exploration called for several different sledging parties—31 in! Husky dog liver a crevasse himself Mertz, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica of... Had frostbite and his picture has appeared on stamps irony of this glacial world dead, Mawson,! The Far Easte… Mawson died of cerebral hemorrhage on October 15, 1958 at home. 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