All are stately trees, reaching about 100 feet (30-35 m) in height. Aesculus chinensis, commonly called Chinese horse chestnut or Chinese buckeye, is a rounded deciduous tree that typically grows to 30-40' (less frequently to 70') tall.It is native to forests, thickets, slopes, ravines and roadsides in northern China. of nuts. Noteworthy Characteristics. Create a free SHOOT account and get instant access to expert care advice for this and other Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. These are catkins fully developed with burs that are ready to be pollinated. The mature heights of our nut trees for sale will vary from the smallest species of Chinquapins, often shrubby, to the giant tree of past American forests. Leaf spot , Phytophthora root diseases, Sign up for your FREE ACCOUNT today or login to receive detailed monthly care instructions. To produce nuts, you must plant two for pollination. Nuts usually begin growing by the fourth or fifth year and ripen mid to late September through October. A prickly 2–3½" seed husk encloses 1-4 nuts. Landscapers plant the Chinese Chestnut as an ornamental, particularly in places where the sharp, prickly burs from the fruit will not cause discomfort to walkers and their pets. It typically thrives in Full Sun and has a 12-24 inches growth rate per year. Chinese chestnuts (Castanea mollissima) grow to about 40 feet tall in sunny areas. The Chinese Chestnut Tree (2 Pack) does well or is tolerant in Well-Drained Clay, Loamy, Sandy soil. Notes: The Chinese Chestnut tree is … Sweet chestnut is a deciduous tree which can reach 35m when mature and live for up to 700 years. Chinese chestnut is resistant to chestnut blight which has almost wiped out the American chestnut. Has wood that is very durable and resistant to rot. Castanea mollissima (Chinese chestnut) will reach a height of 18m and a spread Growth Rate This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. The other North American member of the genus, the American chinquapin, also known as dwarf chestnut (C. pumila), is found throughout much of the eastern and southern United States.It ranges in size from a small shrub to a tree up to 14 metres (46 feet) high. Sun Preference Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. £48.90 * See details Sweet Chestnut Belle Epine. Chinese Chestnut. account. While the chestnuts are valuable for human consumption, they are also valuable as food for wildlife. Chestnut blight was accidentally introduced into North America on Japanese chestnuts planted around 1876 with the aim of establishing commercial chestnut orchards, because the Japanese chestnut, a tree half the height of the very tall American chestnut (up to 100 feet/30 m), was thought to be a better choice for orchard culture. to your lists, login to your account or subscribe. The Chinese chestnut grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity. Pruning chestnut trees … View Map. But this is more than a nut tree. The Chinese Chestnut Tree (2 Pack) grows well in USDA Hardiness Zones 4-8. Thanks for your patience. These Fall Draw Chinese Chestnuts have excellent resistance to blight. , Phytophthora root diseases This non-native species produces spikes of creamy white flowers in … This tree is very blight resistant, with a low branching, wide spreading growth habit. Chestnut trees grow just fine without pruning – up to 48 inches (1.2 m.) per year – but that doesn’t mean that cutting back chestnut trees is a waste of time. In ideal growing conditions, it will produce nuts in less than 10 years. Get started now. Chinese Chestnut (Castanea mollissima) Zones: 4-8. Established trees tolerate dry conditions. Create your free SHOOT garden and make a record of the plants in your garden. This tree is native to northern China and Korea. The chinese chestnut can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–8. Begins to bear nuts in 4–5 years if grown from seed. It produces an abundant crop of sweet chestnuts every year without fail, as they bloom well after the chance of frost. Chinese chestnuts bloom earlier than American chestnuts. Chinese chestnut height (Kee Leung) Hi, The final height stated looks fairly short. Read on to learn how to grow Chinese chestnut trees. We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant. Drought Tolerant, Architectural, Specimen tree. They belong to the same family as oaks and beeches. Chestnut tree pruning can keep a tree healthier, create a more attractive tree and increase nut production. The mighty Chestnut tree grows from 50 to 100 feet tall and can average up to 5 feet in diameter when fully mature. In ideal conditions, slow to medium growth rate of 12″ to 24″ per year. In ideal conditions, slow to medium growth rate of 12″ to 24″ per year. There are 9 different species of chestnut native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The Chinese Chestnut is also grown for its nuts. Chinese chestnuts would not be the ideal shade tree for a play yard. Many gardeners growing Chinese chestnuts do so for the nutritious, low-fat nuts, but the tree itself is attractive enough to be an ornamental. Chestnut is deciduous tree in the Fagaceae family; genus: Castanea. The trees were driven to near-extinction by a lethal fungal pathogen that became known as the chestnut blight, introduced into New York in 1905 on exotic Chinese chestnut seedlings imported from Japan. These cultivars are complex crosses of American chestnut with Chinese and Japanese chestnut. For the American chestnut, 3 plants will ensure cross pollination. If growing for edible nuts, plant more than one tree for cross-pollination. Those backcross hybrid trees (15/16th hybrids) which leaf out and bloom earlier than native KY American … We offer several species of chestnut or hybrid cultivars for zones 4 to 6. Cultivation. Grow in moist but well-drained loam in full sun. Asian gardeners have cultivated chestnuts for centuries. Chinese chestnut trees may sound exotic, but the species is an emerging tree crop in North America. Thanks Kee. Is this a dwarf variety? This tree likes hot and dry climates and grows well in zones 4 to 8; soil should be well-drained, acidic … Soil Preference The horsechestnut grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well-drained and clay soils. The Chinese chestnut grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity. Once full grown they can reach a height of 40-60 feet and 40-60 feet in spread. In order to add a note on this plant, please add this plant of 18m after 20-50 years. Established trees tolerate dry conditions. C. mollissima - C. mollissima is a vigorous, spreading, deciduous tree with oblong to oval, toothed, glossy, mid-green leaves, softly downy beneath, and, in late spring, pale yellow flower catkins followed by edible nuts encased in spiny burs. Spacing should be about 30 feet between trees and rows. At least two different Chinese chestnut trees are needed to ensure adequate pollination. Mid-green in Spring; Mid-green in Summer; Yellow in Autumn, Leaf spot This is a nut-producing tree, yielding nuts for human and wildlife consumption. Chestnut trees should be planted in soil with good drainage. Soil / Climate: Chinese Chestnuts prefer moderately acid, sandy loam soil. Enter your details below and click 'Subscribe' and you'll have a free Shoot account. Get expert info and easy to follow monthly care reminders for the plants in your garden by signing up for a free Shoot account. The tree requires well-drained soil and a warm climate. As the American chestnut struggles with disease, the blight-resistant Chinese chestnut is quick gaining popularity. Features simple, alternate leaves that are 3–5" in length and dark green in color with a toothed margin. Tree Size height 40' - 60' Bark Flower Twig and Buds Drought Tolerant, Architectural, Specimen tree. ©2004-2021 Shoot Limited. I've read that Chinese Chestnut trees grow up to 20m tall. To add ? Provides dense shade with a handsome, spreading canopy. A tree planted in 2005 in the tree library outside the USDA building was still very healthy seven years later; it contains 98% American chestnut DNA and 2% Chinese chestnut DNA. Other common names: Chinese Chestnut. Fall Draw Chinese Chestnut is a fast growing tree reaching heights of 40’ to 60’. Note: We are working to update our ratings. The tree has both a height and spread of about 20 feet, and it yields more than half a bushel of chestnuts every season. Their mature heights vary from the smallest species of chinkapins, often shrubby, to the giant of past American forests, C. dentata that could reach 60 m. Between these extremes are found the Japanese chestnut (C. crenata) at 10 m average; followed by the Chinese chestnut (C. mollissima) at about 15 m, then the European chestnut (C. sativa) around 30 m. Add your own photos, notes, get monthly email reminders on how to care for your plants, and plants in your garden. I have been growing from the same group of Chinese chestnuts for years. It has a lifespan of 200 to 800 years, depending on the species. Green leaves turn to yellow, gold and brown in autumn. This tree contains enough Chinese chestnut DNA that encodes for systemic resistance genes to resist the blight. Wallack and his colleagues emphasized that planting trees of any kind is a long-term commitment. The sweet-tasting nuts are often roasted for holiday eating and have been made famous in turkey stuffing recipes across the country. Mature Height/spread: 40-60 ft/40-60 ft. The Chinese chestnut tree is planted as a specimen tree and a shade tree, as an ornamental and for chestnut production. It is also susceptible to chestnut blight, but some varieties have proven to be more resistant than the American chestnut. to your plant lists. It can take as long as 8 to 10 years for a chestnut tree to … Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima) trees reach a height of 40 to 60 feet. Create your free Very drought tolerant. Answer this question Similar products Sweet Chestnut Maraval. The nuts are large, meaty, crisp, and sweet, although less sweet than American chestnuts. This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. The American Chestnut is a natural woodland species, favoured for its nuts, though it is increasingly rare in the wild. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. To add images for this plant login to your account or register for a new account. To become a Shoot member visit the main Shoot website. The leaves are dark green with a toothed margin and 3-5″ long. Make sure you give a Chinese chestnut tree plenty of vertical and horizontal space. Both chestnut and hazelnut trees have a high pollination complexity deficiency, so it is best to plant them in groups, choose at least two kinds if possible. Tolerates heat and humidity. Their mature heights vary from the smallest species of chinkapins reaching from 2 to 8 meters (6.5-26 feet), to the giant of past American forests (Castanea dentata) reaching up to 60 meters (200 feet) in height, and 3.5 meters (12 feet) in diameter; Between these extremes are found the Japanese chestnut (C. crenata) at 10 m average; followed by the Chinese chestnut (C. mollissima) at … The reason being that the nuts (usually 3) are enclosed in a very spiny burr. Yields a ripened nut crop mid/late September through October. It slowly grows to a height of 40 to 60 feet tall at a rate of 2 to 3 feet annually. The other native trees that bloom late in the year around the same time as American chestnuts are Black Locust and Sourwood. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. The Chinese chestnut grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained, and clay soils. It was introduced in 1853 and 1903. Woman holding a book With a height typically ranging from 35 to 40 feet (about 9 to 12 meters) and a spread of 40 to 50 feet (about 12 to 15 meters), the Chinese chestnut tree's large, spreading canopy provides good shade. You'll also receive handy monthly email reminders of what needs doing. Notes: The Chinese Chestnut tree ishighly blight resistant. A 30 x 30 spacing would allow for 48 trees/acre while 28 x 30 would be 51 trees/acre. Tolerates heat and humidity. Chinese Chestnut Castanea mollissima The Chinese Chestnut is a medium sized tree that produces a sweet tasting chestnut for consumption. Heavy clay soils should be avoided. To add notes for this plant login to your account or register for a new account. Should be planted in pairs or groups to ensure pollination. The Chinese Chestnut, Castanea mollissima is also a close relative. Very drought tolerant. It is drought-tolerant. Castanea mollissima (Chinese chestnut) will reach a height of 18m and a spread of 18m after 20-50 years. The four main species are commonly known as European, Chinese, Japanese, and American chestnuts, some species called chinkapin or chinquapin. connect with other gardeners. American Chestnut Tree (Castanea dentate) American chestnut trees are large deciduous trees that … Eventually after several decades the trees can reach a height of 40-60’ and a spread of 30’ and potentially produce 50 lbs. The nuts fall to the ground when the burrs open up on the tree. The shade of its spreading canopy is dense, providing relief in the hot, dry climates the Chinese chestnut does well in. To check if this plant is suitable for your garden first login to your account or subscribe. All rights reserved. The bark is grey-purple and smooth, and develops vertical fissures with age. 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