It took weeks, but he finally reached the base and was saved. In 1911 (Sir) Douglas Mawson invited Hurley to be official photographer on the Australasian Antarctic Expedition. Mawson kept his ‘favourite dog’ Admiral D’Urville, who was soon entertaining guests at a reception held by his fiancee’s family (‘To Meet Dr. Douglas Mawson’). Douglas Mawson attends University Mawson studied mining engineering at the University of Sydney between 1902 and 1905. He later graduated with a degree in mining engineering in 1902. Appointed by Mawson as the official photographer of the 1911–14 expedition, Hurley … One of Australia’s greatest Antarctic explorers, Douglas Mawson was responsible for one of the most extreme survival stories of all time. He later added that colitis (inflammation of the colon) may have been the cause. As their bases were being established in 1911, Australian geologist Douglas Mawson was quietly organizing an Australasian expedition to chart the 2000-mile coastline directly south of Australia. The Antarctic exploits of Sir Douglas Mawson (1882–1958) rival those of Robert Scott and Ernest Shackleton. Douglas Mawson: The Psychology of a Survivor "It's dead easy to die; it's the keeping on living that's hard." Here, Mawson is pictured with his fellow students. He was born in Shipley, West Yorkshire, England, on 5th May 1882, the son of cloth merchant Robert El.. n Sir Douglas. Sir Douglas Mawson was a colossus of the heroic age of Antarctic exploration who carried the banner of scientific research to the great white continent and established Australia’s territorial claim. December 28, 2013. tags: Antarctic. Douglas Mawson attends University Mawson studied mining engineering at the University of Sydney between 1902 and 1905. Mawson and five men remained for another year. In early 1911, Mertz went to London to meet with the Australian geologist and explorer Douglas Mawson. Mawson died at his Brighton home on 14 October 1958 following cerebral haemorrhage. Did you know that Australia lays claim to 42 percent of Antarctica? Answer. He was only 16 when he entered Sydney University from Fort Street High School. The irony of this choice of pet—Mawson had after all eaten the dog’s mother, Ginger—was not lost on the Australian media. "He had courage, remarkable ability, great vision and great tenacity," Mr Menzies said. He was born in Shipley, West Yorkshire, England, on 5th May 1882, the son of cloth merchant Robert El.. Mawson, who had served as physicist during Ernest Shackleton's 1908–1909 Nimrod expedition, was planning his own Antarctic expedition.. He participated in Shackleton’s ‘Nimrod’ expedition and then went on to lead three further Antarctic expeditions. Mawson received a bachelor’s degree in mining engineering from Sydney University in 1902, and his field investigations in the Broken Hill mining area of west-central New South Wales earned him a doctorate in science from the university in 1909. I did my term 3 project on Sir Douglas Mawson, who is a Artic explorer and geologist. So he was in control of the rations, as we’ve said. At 19 he graduated as a Bachelor of Mining Engineering, and at 22 as a Bachelor of Science. In Melbourne, Dr Frank Stillwell who was a member of the Australasian Antarctic expedition, which Sir Douglas led in 1911, said: "Sir Douglas was the greatest and most famous of our Antarctic explorers. Mawson continued on alone. Mawson died in 1958. In addition to his other activities, Mawson edited and contributed to the 22-volume Reports of Australasian Antarctic Expeditions. If you really want to come to grips with how this happened – the trials, tribulations and sheer heroism that was required to bring it about – you need to visit Mawson’s Huts. Sir Douglas Mawson died on this day from a cerebral haemorrhage. Battling the ice and snow and nearly falling into a crevasse himself. In 1911, Sir Douglas discovered and mapped 1000 miles of new Antarctic coastline, examined the geology of the continent, discovered King George V land, and greatly enriched scientific knowledge of the Antarctic. Sir Douglas Mawson and expedition members cheering the raising of the Union Jack flag at Proclamation Harbour, Enderby Land, Antarctica, ca. He was the leader of the Australian Antarctic Expedition (AAE), which set out to chart Antarctica's coastline. This was the last day in the life of a heroic man that changed the way we think about Antarctica! Douglas Mawson as expedition commander. He was a great leader with immense courage and resourcefulness. Omissions? His intellectual boldness and skill were matched by a practical initiative and courage which confirms his place among the world's greatest explorers. A year later a ship arrived to get the 6 men and Mawson. ADELAIDE, Tuesday.— The famous Australian scientist and polar explorer, Sir Douglas Mawson, died tonight, aged 76. Brave Guardian Reporter Suffers As Douglas Mawson Did. He was survived by his wife Lady Paquita and his two daughters, Patricia and Jessica. Mawson carried on sick and all by himself. Douglas Mawson an Australian by adoption was offered a place on Scott's Terra Nova expedition but turned it down to lead the Australasian Antarctic Expedition of 1911 - 1914 sailing on the Aurora. A glimpse, from within the cavern of the Mertz Glacier, Australasian Antarctic Expedition, 1911-1914. Only Mawson returned. In 1969 a medical analysis concluded that he died from eating too much dog liver with its high concentrations of Vitamin A, which can be toxic to humans. Who doesn't love being #1? Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Sir Douglas Mawson is one of Australia's best known Antarctic explorers. Sir Douglas was born in Bradford, Yorkshire, in 1882, and came to Australia, as a child. 6 men waited for Mawson's team to arrive only Mawson survived out of the three in he's group. Another of his most notable works was the book The Home of the Blizzard (1915). Douglas Mawson Biography, Life, Interesting Facts. The dogs were all on Douglas Mawson's Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) of 1911-14, but the naming is a tribute to all the huskies that underpinned Australian exploration in the icy continent. 1930. Sir Douglas Mawson is widely regarded as Australia’s greatest Antarctic explorer for mapping untrodden areas and surviving some of the most harrowing situations. This article was first published in The Sydney Morning Herald on October 15, 1958. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He was accorded a Commonwealth state funeral and was buried at St Jude's Anglican Church, Brighton. Be the first to answer this question. Mawson did not know it at the time but in 1912 he was the first person to discover gold in Antarctica. On an Antarctic expedition 100 years ago, Mawson endured one of the most horrific journeys in the history of exploration. Douglas Mawson synonyms, Douglas Mawson pronunciation, Douglas Mawson translation, English dictionary definition of Douglas Mawson. After graduating, he enrolled in the University of Adelaide. Yet, over the speculative pipe at home after a successful day’s labour on the wireless masts, or out on the turbulent plateau when the hour of hoosh brought the strenuous day to a close, more than one man was heard to say, ‘One year in this country is enough for me’. Mawson passionately lobbied for the federal government to undertake regular Australian Antarctic expeditions, which continue to this day. From December 1911 to March 1913 Hurley worked enthusiastically under arduous conditions, taking both still photographs and movie film, and his high spirits made him a popular and valued member of the team. Eventually Mertz became too ill to go on and Mawson cared for him in their tent until Mertz died on the morning of January 8th, 1912. Douglas Mawson was born in Yorkshire on May 5, 1882. Mawson's Hut. Mawson arrived alone, his colleague having died from what experts now believe was poisoning from consumption of Husky dog liver. He is one of Australia's best known and most respected heroes in any field. The funeral is expected to be held at 3 p.m. tomorrow. Five men set up a base at Macquarie Island, while the remainder sailed on the Antarctic continent to establish two bases: the Main Base at Commonwealth Bay led by Mawson, and the Western Base at Queen Mary Land led by Frank Wild. He was the leader of the Australian Antarctic Expedition (AAE), which set out to chart Antarctica's coastline. In 1921 he was appointed Professor of Geology at Adelaide University. Douglas Mawson . Douglas Mawson an Australian by adoption was offered a place on Scott's Terra Nova expedition but turned it down to lead the Australasian Antarctic Expedition of 1911 - 1914 sailing on the Aurora. 0 0 1. University of Sydney, coeducational institution of higher learning in Sydney, nominally private but supported financially by both the Commonwealth of Australia and New South Wales. Be the first to answer! The face of a man who could not be broken. His face appears on the $100 note and his picture has appeared on stamps. Mawson was in the three-man party which was the first to reach the Earth's Magnetic South Pole (although some suggest they did not quite make it to the exact spot). "Future generations of Australians will look back on his life as a source of inspiration.". Mawson’s plan called for several different sledging parties—31 men in all—to explore different regions and collect data along the way. Related Questions. But somehow he made it more than 160 kilometres to the safety of the hut. Dragging two sledges, one weighing 606 pounds and the other 250 pounds, they took four months to cover the 250 miles, averaging about two miles a day. C This article has been rated as C-Class on the project's quality scale. His contribution to our … High This article has been rated as High-importance on the project's importance scale. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Douglas-Mawson, Australian Dictionary of Biography - Sir Douglas Mawson, Douglas Mawson - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Douglas Mawson - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Mawson died of cerebral hemorrhage on October 14, 1958 at his home in Brighton. Corrections? A memorial service, arranged by the university, was held at St Peter's Cathedral, Adelaide. His skin was peeling from his feet, he had frostbite and his body was in a bad way from Vitamin A poisoning. So both became really sick and Mertz died. The first permanent Antarctic station was named after him. The Prime Minister, Mr Menzies, tonight said Sir Douglas had been one of the very great men of this century. Ninnis died when he fell down a crevasse, together with the sledge carrying most of their food supplies, and later Mertz became ill and died. "He was a great leader with immense courage and resourcefulness. A glimpse, from within the cavern of the Mertz Glacier, Australasian Antarctic Expedition, 1911-1914Credit:Frank Hurley courtesy of NLA. The two men made this landmark journey by sledge. Though less prestigious, this was a wide ranging scientific and exploratory expedition to previously unknown and unvisited regions of the Antarctic continent. Born in England on 5 May 1882, Mawson migrated to … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In spite of a tragedy which involved the death of his companions, and nearly cost him his own life, he achieved results which, for their scope and scientific importance, have never been executed in any similar endeavour. When Douglas was a small child, the Mawson family moved from England to Australia, where Douglas … Why did Mertz, and not Mawson, die? A member of the scientific staff of Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton’s Antarctic Expedition (1907), Mawson, together with T.W.E. In 1909 he took his degree of Doctor of Science from Adelaide University, where he was a lecturer in mineralogy and petrology. He later became a professor at the Adelaide University and was made Sir Douglas by the King in 1914. His explorations enabled Australia to claim some 2,500,000 square miles (6,475,000 square km) of the Antarctic continent. Douglas Mawson was born in Yorkshire, England, moving to Australia at the age of 2. 1930 Credit:Frank Hurley courtesy of NLA. Achievements. During the first busy year in Adélie Land, when the Hut was full of life and work, there were few moments for reflection. Douglas Mawson Mawson was born in Yorkshire, .. Mertz died on the way and Mawson walked on alone. DANGLING helplessly in the bowels of a deep ice crevasse, Douglas Mawson considered slipping his spent body from its harness to hasten what seemed to be an inevitable death. Sir Douglas Mawson and expedition members cheering the raising of the Union Jack flag at Proclamation Harbour, Enderby Land, Antarctica, ca. He had been ill for some years. Australian Antarctic Expedition members inside their living quarters, 1911-1914.Credit:Frank Hurley courtesy State Library of NSW, 60 years ago Antarctic explorer Sir Douglas Mawson died at 76. © Australian Antarctic Division and the ABC A granddaughter of Sir Douglas Mawson has died at her home in Berlin, Germany. One of Australia’s greatest Antarctic explorers, Douglas Mawson was responsible for one of the most extreme survival stories of all time. Born in England on 5 May 1882, his family immigrated to New South Wales when he was only two. Douglas Mawson's tragic Antarctic trek. Though less prestigious, this was a wide ranging scientific and exploratory expedition to previously unknown and unvisited regions of the Antarctic continent. A century ago, Douglas Mawson saw his two companions die and found himself stranded in the midst of Antarctic blizzards. Landmarks named after Douglas Mawson. Mawson went on to Main base 39 days alone. Douglas Mawsonattended the Fort Street Model School. The clip shows the work of cinematographer and photographer Frank Hurley (1885–1962). He served with the British Ministry of Munitions for three-and-a-half years during the First World War. But make sure you take a coat. He was created a Knight Bachelor in 1914. He was buried at the historic cemetery of Saint Jude's Anglican Church. Sir Douglas Mawson, the unsung hero of Antarctica, gets his due at last This article is more than 7 years old A biography of Sir Douglas Mawson tells how he … Mawson, a base in Australian Antarctic Territory, commemorates his discovery in 1930 of MacRobertson Land, on whose fringe it lies.He planned a fourth expedition to the Antarctic in 1946, but later retired from it. From 1911 to 1914 Mawson led the Australasian Antarctic Expedition and from 1929 to 1931 directed the combined British, Australian, and New Zealand Antarctic Expedition. He first went to Antarctica with Ernest Shackleton on the 1907-1909 Nimrod expedition when he was one of a party of 3 to reach the Magnetic South Pole for the first time, manhauling a sledge for 122 days over 1260 miles. First question: did Mawson plan for Mertz to die? The university is composed of six ... "I am unable to prevent their folly and so must die a martyr to their bloody mindedness." He had been ill for some years. Mawson heard the faint whine of a dog behind him. He was a man of science, onset with the noble … Mawson was knighted in 1914 and one of the Antarctic bases, Mawson Station, was named after him. After Shackleton's heroic effort to attain the South Pole, the whole world stood by in anticipation as Scott and Amundsen announced their plans to conquer the extremes and grab the prize at 90°S. During the Australasian Antarctic Expedition of 1911–1914, Douglas Mawson and two companions, Belgrave Ninnis and Xavier Mertz, undertook an ill-fated mapping journey. After his two companions died, he completed the expedition alone, travelling 160km in 30 days. Sir Douglas Mawson was a colossus of the heroic age of Antarctic exploration who carried the banner of scientific research to the great white continent and established Australia’s territorial claim. 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