Multiple correlation coefficient (r) and independent t-test were used to examine if any significant differences existed in the anthropometric motor performance characteristics between male and female as well as their playing status (National and provincial). Study was conducted on 50 Badminton male players (25 inter college and 25 under-19 School male Badminton players) from. Badminton also involves lots of twisting and reaching movements, which place a significant demand on your core muscles—your abs, waist and lower back. The male (4104.6±1081.7 and 3946.8±1294.2 W) players had a mean higher VJ and LJ power value than the females (1294.2±978.4 and 3885.9±1209 W). A vital aspect of badminton is player’s ability to exert muscular force at high speed35 and badminton places a great demand on explosive power38. Compared to normative data40 on tennis players, the females were below average in PU’s and above average in SU’s whereas the males were above average for both PU’s and SU’s. Vertical Jump test (VJ): The procedure to describes the method used for directly measuring the VJ height jumped. Statistical analysis: Descriptive statistics, including means and Standard Deviations (±SD) were used to describe the players’ anthropometric and motor performance characteristics. In future posts, I will cover in detail each nutrient, their role in the body and what it means for you as a player. The female players would not be at a great disadvantage with regards to their LJ power performance as their value only falls within the normal range for female badminton players. Male players had a substantially lower mean %BF (9.3±1.2%) than the female players (12.6±1.5%) (t = 6.5; p<0.05). So simply, if you provide the body with as much energy as you burn, you’ll roughly maintain the same body composition. Similarly, there was no significant difference (t = 0.13; p>0.05) between the national and provincial players according to playing status. Results: There was significant correlations between height and running-speed (r = 0.44, p = 0.02), push-up (r = 0.48, p = 0.01), sit-up (r = 0.58, p = 0.00) and vertical-jump (r = 0.72, p = 0.00); percentage of body fat and sit-and-reach (r = 0.55, p<0.05), running-speed (r = 0.65, p = 0.00). This uses carbohydrates. A badminton player moving around the court from back to front and side to side at high speed and efficiency Balance The ability to maintain the body’s centre of mass above the base of support The average BMI for the current defensive linemen was a whopping 34.6, based on an average height of 1.92 metres and weight of 127kg. The badminton sport science training programme provided will involve testing 17 elite youth badminton players at key points within the badminton season. These tests were used to determine trunk, abdominal and upper body endurance of the participants. Vitamins and Minerals: Vitamins and minerals are required by the body in much smaller proportions but are vital for certain processes in the body. Running Speed (RS) tests: Running speed testing was performed to determine acceleration, maximum RS and sped endurance using a set distance of 35 m dash23. It’s so important to every aspect of the body, including chemical processes, joint protection and aids in the absorption of every nutrient. Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net.Although it may be played with larger teams, the most common forms of the game are "singles" (with one player per side) and "doubles" (with two players per side). The mean values between national and provincial level badminton players (Table 2) demonstrated no significant difference (t = 0.03; p = 0.97) between the national (173.3±13.0 cm) and provincial (173.1±7.6 cm) players. High levels of flexibility are also needed so that the players are able to position themselves to hit the shuttlecock more powerfully25. players had fitness level and body composition values lower than high-level female basketball teams from countries where basketball is more popular and better developed. The results showed that the average Nigerian sub-elite badminton player was 174.1 ± 6.92 cm tall, weighed 67.37 ± 6.56 kg,had a BMI of 22.3 ± 2.21, Ʃ7 skinfolds of 52.98 ± 13.7 mm and % body fat of 9.18 ± 4.56. Badminton players requires tremendous physical ability, most especially agility, aerobic capacity and explosive power17, for successive and improved performance. In this study, the players’ trunk flexibility values were 15.1±4.3, 13.9±3.3, 13.7±3.7 and 16.5±2.5%, respectively for female, male, provincial and national badminton players, with no significant differences across the various categories. Badminton (B), and Squash (S) players. Except, flexibility, male players had superior anthropometric and motor fitness compared to female players. Anthropometric characteristics are closely linked with motor performance characteristics as body size and proportions, physique and body composition are important factors in physical performance and fitness. There was no significant gender difference (t = 0.7; p = 0.43) in SR. Therefore it’s important to aid to refill these stores by consuming carbohydrate-rich foods in order to aid recovery and help to replenish your glycogen stores. Similarly, in sports where body weight has to be lifted repeatedly against gravity, such as in badminton; extra mass in the form of fat would be disadvantageous11. A strong swing requires good upper body strength, as well. The BMI of the male badminton players in this study is lower than that of elite badminton players10,25,28, with reported mean values of 23.6±1.96, 21.5±2.7 and 23.4±1.6 kg m2, respectively and junior players27 (20.56±3.39 kg m2) but comparable to the value30 of 18.9±2.05 kg m2. After all, there is a drastic difference between two men who weigh 200 pounds if one is at 30 percent body fat and the other is 15 percent body fat. In which concerns global orientation mean values were 2.2 ± 0.8 for the ego and of 4.4 ± 0.4 to the task. A calibrated vertical stadiometer (Seca Portable 217 Seca, UK) was used to measure stature to the nearest 0.1 cm. A significant correlation exists between some anthropometric characteristics’ and motor performance characteristics in badminton players. An explosive player will typically be able to jump high, change direction quickly and will generally appear to be swift and mobile on the badminton court, due to ability to combine coordination and muscular properties38 and will have a significantly improved and reduced reaction in the response-time during movements. Body control is crucial for the execution of … Similarly, the Long Jump (LJ) test, the average of three best jumps, marking the difference between the length of the standing lunge and the maximum LJ length as described by Haff and Triplett20 was recorded in in centimeters. A diet does not always provide the right nutrition. This is generally from microtears created in the muscles from training. It also allows for more fluent stroking when forced to stretch13 and facilitates explosive power on the court35. Anthropometric measurements have the potential to quantify the relationship between bone mass, body structure4,5, physical characteristics and individual players’ sporting abilities6-8, thereby providing the basis for evaluating sport performance9. The badminton trainers, coaches, sport scientists and team involved with designing the badminton training programme should take cognizance of the players’ anthropometric and motor performance variables into consideration in order to achieve high performance. No norms were available for the seven-site skinfolds measure. Keywords: BMI, Arm span, Body fat, Flexibility, Agility, Speed, Endurance. Depending on your lifestyle, age and other factors, the required nutrients do not change, but the quantities of these nutrients may vary. Moderate increase in lean BMI will result in greater speed, strength and power without a loss of flexibility and explosive power34. Flexibility is relevant to jumping, swimming, racket and most team sports37. Without them, the body cannot carry out its biological processes effectively or even at all. Out of the options of Body Size and Composition, Muscle Strength, Muscular Endurance, Power, Speed / Quickness, Agility, Flexibility, Balance and Coordination, and Cardiovascular Endurance, the factors which are considered most important by the readers of this site are Agility and Speed / Quickness. composition and sarcoplasmic reticu-lum release and uptake of calcium (1). For example, a recent study of US National Football League (NFL) players compared current players with those of 30 years ago, across a wide range of body composition measurements including height, weight, fat-free mass and BMI . Players are generally tall and lean, with an ectomesomorphic body type suited to the high physiological demands of a match. Significant difference was found between inter-college level male football and badminton players on lean body mass (LBM). It effectively becomes a lifestyle and habitual. Excess body weight would be detrimental in moving swiftly around the court as well as when jumping to smash the shuttle. Abdul Aziz. Please consider subscribing to my blog for more great badminton content and make sure to follow me on Instagram and Facebook for other posts and updates! An alpha level of 0.05 was used for all statistical significance. It’s also important to consider what sources you are getting your nutrients from. After a particularly intense session, you might notice your legs. Therefore, badminton players with a high lean muscle mass would be able to generate higher force for jumping while playing14. Free PDF. The ability to cover short distances quickly will also be of great advantage to the badminton player16. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0 software was used to determine the descriptive, multiple correlation coefficient (r) and independent t-test statistics. Introduction Basketball is one of the most practised sports in … However, there is paucity of information on the anthropometric and motor performance profile of Nigerian National badminton players. BODY CONTROL DURING EXECUTION OF A SHOT Resistance training can also benefit the badminton player to maintain optimal posture and body control when exe-cuting shots. They performed an important stabilizing and balancing function for all braking and PU’s and are directly involved in stroke production. The height of the badminton players obtained in this present study is consistent with elite females’ badminton players studied elsewhere25-27. The weight of the male badminton players in this study is lower than that of elite badminton players reported in several studies10,29,32 whose values were 67.9±3.6, 71.65±5.7 and 80.7±9.05 kg, respectively. Core strength and endurance help with balance, which improves overall agility. Data was collected at the Package B, National Stadium, Abuja, Nigeria during the 2010 Commonwealth Games trials. If you want 15% off Alien Pro’s awesome looking badminton grips – click here and use the code “shuttlesmash” at check out! *Significant at 0 .05 levels, SR: Sit and reach, BMI: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajsr.2017.244.251, Anthropometric and motor performance characteristics of the participants stratified by gender, Mean values between national and provincial level badminton players. Water: The source of all life. Anthropometric measurements are often used to classify players according to their respective age or level of performance. For badminton players, it’s one of the most important nutrients! However, the female players were more flexible, which could be attributed to either bone structure or genetic difference. It is key for growth and cell/tissue repair and therefore an important in terms of recovery from strength training for example. This is what leads to weight gain. Premium PDF Package. ), Will take the excess energy and store it for a later date in the form of fat. PDF. Now hopefully you understand a little more about what nutrition is, we should probably mention what they are. For all statistical analyses the level of significance was set at p<0.05. The players’ weight in the current study is also lower than those obtained in studies on sub-elite male badminton players who weighted 77.5±5.9 kg28 and junior players whose body mass were 61.1±16.6 and 63.5±4.9 kg27,31, respectively. Barrow, H.M. and Mc Gee. Download Free PDF. or other muscles are sore the next day. The male players had significantly higher VJ scores than the female players (t = 7.3; p<0.05) (Table 1). The results further indicated significant gender differences as male players had superior speed compared to the female (t = 4.3, p = 0.00). The PU and SU values for males were lower compared to the squash racket players mean values of 45 and 80 repetitions for PU’s and SU’s, respectively41. Both knees were held together and flat on the floor. Running Speed (RS) is needed in badminton in moving to and from the shuttlecock. Of course, this is a key element. In a nutshell, nutrients are the essential foods one must consume. They as they both concerned with what we are eating, but they are not the same thing! The adductors and abductors, located on the inside and outside of your thighs, respectively, are also heavily involved, especially when you lunge in multiple directions. Arm span was measured with a flexible steel tape from the tip of the middle fingers of the left and right hands, with the individual standing with the back to the wall and both arms abducted to 90° the elbows and wrists extended and the palms facing directly forward. The vertical jump of the players in this present study is judged to be satisfactory in comparison with previous studies36,38. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Weight was measured in light clothing without shoes using a calibrated digital electronic weighing scale (Seca 813, Seca, UK) to the nearest 0.1 kg. a group of 12 male Junior National Soccer Team players, whose average age was 16 years, and who had been tested on the same equipment in 1986. Both VJ and LJ measures were aimed at determining the leg muscle power of the participants. The findings of this study should inform trainers, coaches and sport scientists in the designing and training programme to enhance badminton performance. The male (4.6±0.3 sec) players had a significantly (t = 4.3; p<0.05) faster RS than the female (5.3±0.4 sec) players. The sit-ups (SU) test (2 min), push-up test (PU) (1 min) and Running Speed (RS) were assessed using the SISA protocol22. The body stores a limited amount of carbohydrates in the form of glycogen. This is the essence of nutrition. A Badminton Blog for fans and enthusiasts. All the players participated at the 2010 Commonwealth Games selection trials. The number will vary on a number of factors such as muscle mass, fat levels, age, gender etc. Body mass index was derived by dividing the weight in kilogram (kg) by the height in meter-square (m2). “Study of Physiological, Body Composition and Psychomotor variables of Badminton Players at different levels of Competitions”. D Scholar Sardar Patel University, Anand, Gujarat, India A comparative study of selected anthropometric ... certain measurements between players of Badminton and Table-Tennis. Romania. Excess body fat would affect the player's ability to move freely around the court, and the extra weight will increase fatigue. The study examined the relationship between anthropometric and motor performance characteristics of Nigerian national badminton players. The participant was instructed to sit with legs together and extended in front so that the feet (shoes off) touched the first step. The authors would like to thank all the badminton players for their voluntary participation in the study. There are calories in all nutrients except water. Badminton Footwork – What is Good Footwork? Fifty (50) male college level football players (N=25) and badminton players (N=25) age ranging between 17 to 25years were selected by simple random sampling from different colleges of Panjab University, Chandigarh for this study. A gram of fat, for example, contains about 9 calories while carbohydrates contain 4 calories per gram. There are several diets you may have heard of, some of which are extremely dangerous and almost all of which are short term. Apart from flexibility (t = 0.7, p = 0.43), male players demonstrated superior health and motor fitness compared to female players. In short body composition plays a very important role in sports. Also, a subelite Nigerian badminton player had an estimated - VO 2 max of 49.84 ± 3.37 ml. The BMI of the male badminton players in this study is lower than that of elite badminton players 10, 25, 28, with reported mean values of 23.6±1.96, 21.5±2.7 and 23.4±1.6 kg m 2, respectively and junior players 27 (20.56±3.39 kg m 2) but comparable to the value 30 of 18.9±2.05 kg m 2. Without sufficient water, our bodies will not be able to perform at all, let alone efficiently on the court! Other studies25,27,28,31 have reported higher values than those obtained in this study. PDF. The trunk muscles are very important because they are virtually involved in every movement and stroke on the badminton court38. If you read my other articles on the Anaerobic and Aerobic systems, you’ll know that this is the preferred energy source the body will utilise. Players With The Fastest Smash In Badminton Doubles, 5 Basic Tips To Improve Your Net Play In Badminton Doubles, Common Mistakes When Playing A Backhand Clear, Guest Post: Badminton Singles Strategies To Help You On Court | BadmintonJustin, Singles – Strategies & Tactics – The Base Position. Although, data on AAL tend to be scarce, especially for badminton players, the AAL for national and international badminton and squash players ranged from 1.2-1.56 and 1.1-1.47 m for male and female, respectively14. Original content here is published under these license terms: You may read the original content in the context in which it is published (at this web address). Badminton involves a lot of lunging movements, which engages the quadriceps and hamstring muscles of the thigh as well as the gluteus maximus or butt muscles. References 1. One of the good health benefits of playing badminton is to improve metabolism due to the increased cardiopulmonary function. Further, this normative data40 reported push-up values ranging from 36-42 for males and 33-38 for females and the sit-up values ranged from 44-52 for males and 38-46 for females. However, there are few comparisons of anthropometric characteristics and body composition in young high-level tennis, badminton and table tennis players. The maximum weight is 5.50 grams while minimum weight of shuttle must be 4.74 grams. The ethics committee of Bayero University gave approval for the study (BUK/SPS/PHE/09/0005). Without sufficient trunk development in terms of strength and endurance, strokes will lack power and control42. Similarly, the weight of the female badminton players in this study is similar to that reported for elite female badminton players25,26. In fact, fats contain more energy than carbohydrates. Participants: This prospective, descriptive and cross-sectional study involved 29 (20 men and 9 women: Aged 21.24±6.41 years) conveniently selected badminton players from the Northern states of Nigeria. For example, are you getting your protein from a turkey breast or from KFC? Dynamic and strong upper body endurance are required to withstand the repetitive nature of striking the shuttle15. A similar beneficial trend was noted for the national players, in contrast to the provincial badminton players. Carbohydrates: This is the main energy source of the body. Differences in world badminton players’ physical and proportionality characteristics between singles and doubles players. Both VJ and LJ scores were converted to watts (W) using Sayers’ PAPw formula21. Thus, badminton requires good anticipation of the shot and on-court agility including both physical and perpetual speed. This study reveals significant correlation exists between selected anthropometric characteristics and body composition (height and percentage of body fat) and motoric performance (running-speed, vertical-jump, push-up, sit-up and sit-and-reach) in badminton players. Similarly, there was no significant correlation between BMI and motor performance characteristics on all the variables. The measurement was recorded with a required accuracy of less than 1.5 mm. physique, body composition, physical growth, maturation and gro Correspondence Praveen Kumar Mishra Ph. Very active lifestyles need to be supported by the right food sources. Good nutrition, as mentioned above, is more concerned with the quality of the foods that you consume. Height is an advantage in executing attacking strokes in badminton10. Hitting the shuttlecock uses … I will cover them quite generally here. Protein is required to facilitate recovery of the muscles as the amino acids help to repair the tears. Good nutrition is a healthy, long term approach to the consumption of food. In This study physiological variables were taken (i. A good metabolism helps our body to maintain its good physical composition and helps us to stay fit. Historically, the shuttlecock (also known as a “bird” or “birdie”) was a small cork hemisphere with 16 goose feathers attached and weighing about 0.17 ounce (5 grams). *Significant at 0.05 level, %BF: Percentage of body fat, BMI. Introduction. Also, the national (57.2±11.6 ×/1 min for PU and 94.0±15.6 ×/2 min for SU) players had substantially better PU and SU performances than the provincial (33.0±10.3 ×/1 min for PU and 68.3±18.0 ×/2 min for SU) players (p<0.05). The male players had superior anthropometric and motor performance qualities than the female players. Download PDF Package. Badminton nutrition is key to long term successful performance on the court. Except, LJ (0.26; p = 0.18), there was significant correlations between %BF and motor performance characteristics in all the variables. Running speed and peak speed is needed in badminton for moving to and from the shuttle; and to cover short distances quickly are of great advantage for the badminton player16,39. We are going to cover at a basic level what nutrition is and why it’s important for your badminton. In badminton, anthropometry and motor performance ability of players seems to be the most vital determinants of success1-3. No other copying or use is permitted without written agreement from the author. The body, being energy efficient(! The number will vary on a number of factors such as muscle mass, fat levels, age, gender etc. Correlation between anthropometric and motor performance characteristics of the participants as shown in Table 3. 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And doubles players the height in meter-square ( m2 ) together and flat on the court35 on 50 male. Therefore, the rate at which they provide energy is slower because, in contrast to provincial! National badminton players aerobic system and to help with balance, which improves overall agility was between! A gram of fat, for example, a significant correlation between anthropometric and motor performance characteristics current falls! Not be able to generate higher force for jumping while playing14 0.8 the! Percentage of body fat would affect the player being able to position themselves to the! This present study is similar to that reported for elite female badminton players25,26 values than the women p... All braking and PU’s and are directly involved in stroke production of.! Examples of why good nutrition is important to fuel its activity the output of that energy measured. Are going to cover the distance was recorded with a required accuracy of less than 1.5 mm upper endurance... 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